wiki:WindowsTips
Last modified 11 years ago Last modified on 04/16/07 11:56:38

Some tips, mostly picked up from the UW TechSupport list.

Cached login on a laptop

Windows caches the last N successful logins, where N is set by group policy and defaults to 10. I do not believe it is time based, or at least does not default as time based. N can be set in gpedit.msc

local computer policy -> Computer Configuration -> Windows Settings -> Security Settings -> Local Policies -> Security Options

Check out MS KB913485 for everything you never wanted to know on the subject. http://support.microsoft.com/kb/913485/

Boot problems

If you move a drive with Windows to another computer, on boot you may get a Stop 0x0000007b error because of a different Hardware Abstraction Layer (HAL). Below are the steps to change the HAL Windows sees at boot to ACPI; for a description of HALs other than the Halacpi.dll look here: http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;309283

  1. Boot to XP SP2 Install Media (I used a Dell CD)
  2. Choose “R” to repair via the Recovery Console
  3. Choose the installation (usually number 1)
  4. Enter the local admin password
  5. At the C:\Windows prompt, type cd system32
  6. Type expand d:\i386\halacpi.dl_
  7. Type copy halacpi.dll hal.dll,
  8. Type y to overwrite
  9. Type expand ntoskrnl.ex_
  10. Type y to overwrite
  11. Type exit to reboot
  12. Remove CD

Language Packs/IME

Here is a good guide to installing languages:

http://apps.carleton.edu/its/flt/osmain/windows/winxp/

3GB memory

By default Windows XP reserves half memory for the OS, if you want to use more you can use the `/3GB' switch in boot.ini:

[boot loader]
timeout=20
default=multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(3)\WINDOWS
[operating systems]
multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(3)\WINDOWS="Microsoft Windows XP Professional 3GB" /noexecute=optin /fastdetect /3GB
multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(3)\WINDOWS="Microsoft Windows XP Professional" /noexecute=optin /fastdetect 

For more details see http://www.microsoft.com/whdc/system/platform/server/PAE/PAEmem.mspx